Editor-in-Chief Hatice Kübra Elçioğlu Vice Editors Levent Kabasakal Esra Tatar Online ISSN 2630-6344 Publisher Marmara University Frequency Bimonthly (Six issues / year) Abbreviation J.Res.Pharm. Former Name Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal
Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal 1993 , Vol 9 , Issue 1
The microflora of some spices as paprika (Capsicum annuum), black pepper (Piper nigrum) which are sold in markets of İstanbul
Adile Çevikbaş,İsmail Bulan,Oğuz Özyaral
In this study 8 different types and total 72 samples from various markets in Istanbul were examined microbiologically and mycologically. McConkey agar (MC), Salmonella Shigella Agar (SS), Blood Agar (BA), Plate Count Agar (PCA) were used in bacteriological assay. Oat Meal Agar (CMA) and modified media of OMA and CMA with glucose (40g/L) and salt (50 g/L) were used in mycological assays.

The number of 3,6.107 cfu/g bacteria of whole black pepper, 1.108 cfu/g round paprika, 4,8.107 cfu/g bacteria on whole long paprika, 2,3.107 cfu/g bacteria ground sweet, forming paprika and 2,4.107 cfu/g bacteria ground hot paprika were found with respect to bacteriological identification, coliform bacteria and non-plazma coagulase staphylococcus and Gram positive, endospore forming bacteria were detected mixed spice samples. E. coli was not detected in any of the samples.

Yeast was found in some of the samples concentrations of 34 cfu/g in ground black pepper and 1 cfu/g in not paprika, 1 cfu/g in whole round paprika 1 cfu/g in whole long paprika.

In mycological studies 255 mould strains were isolated and identified as 158 strains aspergillus, 36 strains penicillium, 28 strains rhizopus, 16 strains mucor, 5 strains cladosporium, 4 strains absidia and 8 strains were other species.

In our country all of the marked spices were found to have microbial contamination, especially in powdered spices the bacterial contamination was found to be 1.108 cfu/g bacteria and 1.106 cfu/g bacteria in round paprika. Keywords : Spice, paprika, Capsicum annuum, black pepper, piper nigrum, white pepper, microflora.

Marmara University